We all care about our companions, which is why we do our best to learn about the basics of good horse care. The key to caring for your companion is taking preventative steps, and being able to understand and identify health problems and treat them promptly.
Learn how to apply a medical bandage. Step by step guidance shows the materials needed, preparation and applying the bandage.
How to Apply a Standing Leg Wrap
The Henneke horse body condition scoring system is a numerical scale used to evaluate the amount of fat on a horse's body. It is a standardized system that can be used across all breeds without specialized equipment; condition is assessed visually and by palpation. Scores range from 1 to 9 with one being poor and nine being extremely fat; the ideal range for most horses is from 4 to 6.
ANYTHING that touches an infected animal or carries secretions or manure from sick animal has the potential to transfer pathogens to other animals. Learn more about proper personnel and management practices.
Coastal Elite Veterinary Services has always held ourselves to the highest biosecurity standards but we have taken this opportunity to streamline and heighten our protocols. We are dedicated to providing your animals with care and will remain operating under regular hours, including 24/7 emergency coverage, during this time. Here are some of the ways our team is working to protect you, your loved ones, and ourselves:
Castration is a surgical procedure to remove the testicles. It is performed in colts to modify their behavior and prevent their ability to breed. Although castration can be performed at any age, most colts are gelded before the age of 18 months.
Why is routine oral care important?
Horses of all ages depend on the ability to chew. If food is not properly chewed, it is not digested efficiently, which can lead to chronic colic, choke, weight loss, and nutritional deficiencies. Regular, preventative, dental care prolongs the life of the horse’s teeth (and the horse) by recognizing and treating abnormalities early on, before they become major problems.
Oral problems, such as infections of the teeth roots, gum disease, and oral ulcers from sharp dental points, cause pain and discomfort and can affect athletic performance. A painful horse will not perform to its full potential or have a good quality of life.
Equine Odontoclastic Tooth Resorption and Hypercementosis (EOTRH)
What is EOTRH?
EOTRH is a recently recognized, painful condition most often found in older horses. This disease mostly affects incisors and canine teeth, but can affect molars as well.
In this disease, the body starts to resorb the affected teeth. The teeth then try to regain strength by laying down more calcified tissue (cementum) around and in the teeth. The teeth can’t keep up in some places and lay down too much calcified tissue in other places. This calcified tissue is not as strong as the tissue it is trying to replace and the teeth sometimes become loose, fractured, or fall out. This allows bacteria to enter the tooth and the surrounding structures, causing gingivitis (inflammation in the gums) and pulpitis (inflammation in the pulp horn- live part of the tooth).
Recent research has shown that 80% of the parasite egg population comes from 20% of the equine population on a given farm indicating most horses are resistant to parasites. Parasite resistance to dewormers is increasing due to frequent deworming and no new classes of dewormers are currently being developed.
Note for Quest: Accurate weight determination is important. A weight tape can be used to estimate your horse’s weight. Do not use Quest in severely underweight horses.
Sample collection: A fecal sample should include 2-3 fresh (collected in the past 4 hours) fecal balls stored in a plastic bag with all air squeezed out, submitted immediately or stored in a refrigerator for up to a day.
Rinse horse’s mouth with water or wait until mouth is empty before deworming to ensure accurate dosing.
New horses to the herd – have fecal egg count performed, deworm with ivermectin, and isolate for 4 days.
Please call for a deworming schedule for horses less than 1 year of age and pregnant mares.
We recommend using brand name products for ivermectin (Zimectrin) and pyrantel pamoate (Strongid) as these products may be more effective.
Goat Parasites, Management and Control
* All deworming products mentioned in the schedule are available through our office for your convenience.
In the event of a natural disaster, it is always in the best interest of the horses for the owner to be prepared. Each type of disaster requires different measures to keep your pets safe. Below are useful links to help prepare for such an event.
Nutrition is one of the most important components of preventative medicine that owners are able to control from home.
We offer nutrition evaluations and help you build a fully encompassing nutrition plan based on your individual horses needs.
We can also perform hay analysis by sampling your bales and giving you it nutritional breakdown to help you decide if that is the right hay choice for your horse.
To the left is a nutritional analysis document that you can download, fill out, and email back to us at for us to get started on adjusting your horses nutrition program.
Have your supplements go the extra mile for you! Here is a comparative chart showing all the current "colic prevention programs" to help you decide which option and supplement best fits your loved ones needs!
Before approaching any sick or injured horse, remember – your safety comes first.
1. Always have an escape route and two people (one to hold the horse). Even a calm horse, when sick or injured, may behave in an unexpected manner.
2. Next, assess the horse; take note of vital signs, appetite, attitude, and when the horse was last “normal.”
3. All of the problems listed below are emergencies. Please call our office if you notice any of the signs.
It's good to make sure you're prepared for unexpected health issues. See the important items needed in your equine first aid kit.
From the large breeding shed row to the individual pleasure horse mare, Coastal Elite can help your horse produce a healthy foal.
Equine Cushing’s disease, or pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID), is one of the most common diseases of older horses. PPID causes the body to produce too much steroid, which can negatively impact a number of body systems and quality of life.
It's that time of year again! Whether you are preparing for the upcoming show season or just hoping to hit a few of the local trails in your area this summer now is the time to familiarize yourself with specific rules and requirements, prepare your documents, and beef up your disease prevention plan for your horse.
Of the hundreds of toxic plants in North America, only a handful are likely to bring serious harm to horses. Here are the ones most dangerous to horses in the United States.